High Court of India | Notes for High Court in Indian constitution pdf
High Court of India | Notes for High Court in Indian constitution pdf – Important notes for High Court of India | Easy and handy notes for High Court of India in Polity for competitive exams
Candidates preparing for Civil services competitive exams are meant to learn polity necessarily. The constitutional questions are also asked in Some State governmental jobs too. The High Court of India is one of the topics of Indian polity from which questions are asked. So here we present simple and important facts about High Court of India according to exams’ point of view.
Important facts for High court of India:High Court of India | Notes for High Court in Indian constitution pdf
Each state has a High Court; it is the highest judicial organ of the state.
However, there can be a common High court like punjab, Haryana & union Territory of Chandigarh
Presently there are 21 High courts in India Consists of chief justice & other such judges as appointed by the president
The Constitution unlike in the case of the supreme court, does not fix any maximum number of judges for a high Court. ( Allahabad High Court has 37 judges while J&K High court has only 5)
A judge of a high court can be transferred to another High court without his consent by the President. In this case the Chief justice of india as also consulted. The opinion provided by him shall have primacy and is binding on the president
Appointment of judges
The appointment of chief justice is made after consultation with the chief Justice of supreme court & the Governor of the State by the President.
In this case of appointment of a judge, the Chief Justice of the High court concerned is also consulted in addition to Chief Justice of supreme Court & Governor of the State concerned
Must be a citizen of India
Should have been an advocate of a High Court or of two such Courts in succession for at least 10 years or should have held judicial office in India for a period of at least 10 years.
A judge of High court continues his office till 62 years of age.
Term can be cut short due to resignation or removal by the President
The President can remove a judge of High Court only if the Parliament passes the resolution by a 2/3 majority of its members present & voting in each house
The conduct of the judges of the High court cannot be discussed in parliament, except on a motion for the removal of a judge